Class: Primary 2
Term: 3rd Term
Week: 5
Age: 8 years
Duration: 40 minutes
Subject: National Value Education
Curriculum Theme: Civic Education
Previous Lesson: How Leaders Are Chosen In The Locality
Topic: Leadership
Content: Meaning of advantage, ways to develop the community, advantages of various forms of leadership.

Performance Objectives:
By the end of the lesson, pupils should be able to:

  • Cognitive domain: Define “advantage” and list five ways to develop the community.
  • Affective domain: Appreciate the importance of different forms of leadership in the community.
  • Psychomotor domain: Draw a simple picture of a community with various forms of leadership.
  • Social Domain: Participate in a group discussion about how leadership benefits the community.

Reference Materials:
The following resources were used in planning this lesson:

  • 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
  • Abuja Educational Resource Centre Scheme of work
  • NAPPS National Unified Scheme of Work
  • Online Information from Civic Education in Primary Schools (
  • Relevant Textbooks

Instructional Materials:
The teacher will teach this lesson with the aid of:

  • Chart showing different community leaders
  • Flashcards with definitions and examples
  • Markers and drawing paper
  • Storybook about a leader in the community

Rationale for the Lesson:
Understanding leadership and its advantages helps pupils recognize the value of good leadership in developing their community and the importance of contributing positively to their society.

Prerequisite/Previous Knowledge:
Pupils are familiar with the concept of leadership from the previous lesson on how leaders are chosen in their locality.


Learning Area: Leadership

To deliver this lesson, the teacher will adopt the following steps:

Content DevelopmentTimeTeaching MethodTeaching StrategyTeacher’s ActivityPupils’ ActivityLearning Point
Step 1: Introduction5 minsInteractiveQuestion and AnswerIntroduce the topic by asking pupils to name some leaders they know and what they do.Respond to the teacher’s questions.Recognize familiar leaders in their community.
Step 2: Meaning of Advantage5 minsDirect InstructionExplanation and ExamplesExplain the term “advantage” and give examples.Listen and take notes.Understand the concept of advantage.
Step 3: Developing the Community10 minsGuided DiscussionGroup ActivityDiscuss ways to develop the community and write them on the board.Participate in discussion and contribute ideas.Learn various ways to contribute to community growth.
Step 4: Forms of Leadership10 minsStorytellingVisual and VerbalTell a story about different leaders and their advantages.Listen to the story and ask questions.Understand the benefits of different leadership forms.
Step 5: Drawing Activity5 minsHands-on ActivityCreative TaskInstruct pupils to draw a community showing different leaders.Draw and label their pictures.Visualize the community structure and leadership.
Step 6: Note Taking3 minsNote WritingGuided Note TakingGuide pupils to copy the note on leadership into their books.Copy the note.Reinforce learning through note-taking.
Step 7: Evaluation and Conclusion2 minsOral AssessmentQ&AAsk review questions to assess understanding, then summarize the lesson.Answer questions and listen to the conclusion.Recall and articulate what was learned.

Classroom Note:


Meaning of Advantage:
An advantage is something that helps you to be better or more successful. For example, having a good leader in the community is an advantage because it helps the community grow and improve.

Ways to Develop the Community:

  1. Keeping the environment clean.
  2. Helping each other and working together.
  3. Building schools, hospitals, and parks.
  4. Supporting local businesses.
  5. Organizing community events and activities.

Advantages of Various Forms of Leadership:

  1. Elected Leaders: They represent the people’s choices and work for the community’s benefit.
  2. Appointed Leaders: They are chosen for their skills and expertise to make decisions.
  3. Hereditary Leaders: They maintain cultural traditions and unity.
  4. Voluntary Leaders: They inspire others to participate in community service.
  5. Religious Leaders: They provide moral guidance and support.

Lesson Evaluation:

To evaluate the learning, the teacher asks pupils to:

  1. Define the term “advantage.”
  2. List three ways to develop the community.
  3. Name two types of leaders and their advantages.
  4. Draw and label a picture of their community with different leaders.
  5. Discuss in pairs why leadership is important for their community.

Note for teachers using my lesson plan:
Hi there, remember that I didn’t make this lesson plan with any particular class or teacher in mind and I tried as much as possible with my experience and expertise to deliver this plan in a standard and effective style utilizing the best strategy and methods. Nevertheless, you are free to customize the lesson content, teaching methods, timing and pupil activities to suit your teaching style, pupils comprehension, curriculum, and resources available to you. Happy teaching!

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Last Update: May 24, 2024