• Class: Primary 2
  • Term: 3rd Term
  • Week: 7-8
  • Age: 8 years
  • Duration: 40 minutes
  • Subject: Pre-Vocational Studies
  • Curriculum Theme: Agricultural Science
  • Topic: Description Of Rodents, Birds And Crabs
  • Content: Description and examples of Rodents, Birds And Crabs

Performance Objectives:
By the end of the lesson, pupils should be able to:

  • Cognitive domain: Identify and describe rodents, birds, and crabs.
  • Affective domain: Show interest in observing different animals around their environment.
  • Psychomotor domain: Draw simple pictures of a rodent, a bird, and a crab.
  • Social domain: Discuss the importance of these animals with classmates.

Reference Materials:
The following resources were used in planning this lesson:

  • 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
  • Abuja Educational Resource Centre Scheme of work
  • NAPPS National Unified Scheme of Work
  • Online Information from Wikipedia – Rodent
  • Relevant Textbooks

Instructional Materials:
The teacher will teach this lesson with the aid of:

  • Pictures of various rodents, birds, and crabs
  • Drawing materials (paper, pencils, crayons)
  • Flashcards with names and pictures of different rodents, birds, and crabs
  • Real-life specimens or models of a rodent, bird, and crab (if available)

Rationale for the Lesson:
Understanding the characteristics and examples of rodents, birds, and crabs helps pupils appreciate biodiversity and the roles these animals play in their environment. This knowledge fosters awareness and respect for wildlife, contributing to a balanced ecosystem.

Prerequisite/Previous Knowledge:
Pupils should have basic knowledge of common animals and their habitats from previous lessons.


Learning Area: Description Of Rodents, Birds And Crabs

To deliver this lesson, the teacher will adopt the following steps:

Content DevelopmentTimeTeaching MethodTeaching StrategyTeacher’s ActivityPupils’ ActivityLearning Point
Step 1: Introduction5 minsDiscussionSet inductionIntroduce the lesson by asking pupils about animals they know.Respond to questions about animals they are familiar with.Activating prior knowledge and engaging interest.
Step 2: Describing Rodents10 minsExplanationVisual aidsShow pictures and describe characteristics of rodents.Look at pictures and listen to descriptions.Understanding characteristics and examples of rodents.
Step 3: Describing Birds10 minsExplanationVisual aidsShow pictures and describe characteristics of birds.Look at pictures and listen to descriptions.Understanding characteristics and examples of birds.
Step 4: Describing Crabs10 minsExplanationVisual aidsShow pictures and describe characteristics of crabs.Look at pictures and listen to descriptions.Understanding characteristics and examples of crabs.
Step 5: Note Taking5 minsWritingGuided practiceGuide pupils to copy notes on rodents, birds, and crabs.Copy notes into their exercise books.Reinforcing learning through writing.
Step 6: Evaluation5 minsQuestioningOral assessmentAsk pupils questions about the animals discussed in the lesson.Answer questions and participate in the discussion.Assessing comprehension and reinforcing learning.
Step 7: Conclusion5 minsSummaryRecap and extensionSummarize the lesson and discuss the importance of these animals.Listen and ask any final questions they have.Reinforcing key points and ensuring understanding.

Classroom Note:

Description Of Rodents, Birds And Crabs


Rodents are small mammals known for their continuously growing teeth. Examples of rodents include:

  1. Rats
  2. Mice
  3. Squirrels
  4. Guinea pigs
  5. Hamsters


Birds are animals with feathers, wings, and beaks. Examples of birds include:

  1. Sparrows
  2. Pigeons
  3. Eagles
  4. Parrots
  5. Owls


Crabs are crustaceans with hard shells and pincers. Examples of crabs include:

  1. Blue crabs
  2. Hermit crabs
  3. Fiddler crabs
  4. King crabs
  5. Spider crabs

Lesson Evaluation:
To evaluate the learning, the teacher asks pupils to:

  1. Name three examples of rodents.
  2. Describe two characteristics of birds.
  3. Draw a simple picture of a crab.
  4. Explain why it is important to understand these animals.

Note for teachers using my lesson plan:
Hi there, remember that I didn’t make this lesson plan with any particular class or teacher in mind and I tried as much as possible with my experience and expertise to deliver this plan in a standard and effective style utilizing the best strategy and methods. Nevertheless, you are free to customize the lesson content, teaching methods, timing, and pupil activities to suit your teaching style, pupils’ comprehension, curriculum, and resources available to you. Happy teaching!

Categorized in:

Lesson Notes,

Last Update: May 24, 2024