• Class: Primary 2
  • Term: 3rd Term
  • Week: 7
  • Age: 8 years
  • Duration: 40 minutes
  • Subject: History
  • Curriculum Theme: History
  • Previous Lesson: Achievements of Heroes and Heroines
  • Topic: Achievements of Heroes and Heroines – III
  • Content: Encourage Democracy, Fought for Independence

Performance Objectives:

By the end of the lesson, pupils should be able to:

  • Cognitive Domain: Identify and list key achievements of notable heroes and heroines.
  • Affective Domain: Appreciate the contributions of heroes and heroines in history.
  • Psychomotor Domain: Create a simple drawing or poster depicting one of the achievements.
  • Social Domain: Discuss the importance of these achievements in groups.

Reference Materials:

The following resources were used in planning this lesson:

  • 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
  • Abuja Educational Resource Centre Scheme of work
  • NAPPS National Unified Scheme of Work
  • Online Information from Steemit
  • Relevant Textbooks

Instructional Materials:

The teacher will teach this lesson with the aid of:

  • Pictures of heroes and heroines
  • Flashcards with key achievements
  • Drawing materials (paper, crayons)
  • Projector for showing short video clips (if available)

Rationale for the Lesson:

Understanding the achievements of heroes and heroines helps pupils appreciate their country’s history and the values of democracy and independence. It instills pride and motivates them to contribute positively to society.

Prerequisite/Previous Knowledge:

Pupils are familiar with some local heroes and heroines from previous discussions and can recognize their names and faces.


Learning Area: Achievements of Heroes and Heroines

To deliver this lesson, the teacher will adopt the following steps:

Content DevelopmentTimeTeaching MethodTeaching StrategyTeacher’s ActivityPupils’ ActivityLearning Point
Step 1: Introduction 5 minsInteractiveQuestion and AnswerAsk pupils to name some heroes and heroines they know. Show pictures of some heroes and heroines.Respond to questions. Identify heroes and heroines in the pictures.Pupils recall and connect with familiar figures in history.
Step 2: Explanation10 minsDirect InstructionStorytellingNarrate brief stories about the achievements of specific heroes and heroines (e.g., Nelson Mandela, Queen Amina).Listen attentively and ask questions.Pupils learn about key achievements and historical contexts.
Step 3: Group Activity10 minsCollaborativeGroup DiscussionDivide pupils into groups and give each group a flashcard with an achievement to discuss.Discuss in groups and present their findings.Pupils develop teamwork and communication skills.
Step 4: Creative Task5 minsHands-onArt and CraftProvide drawing materials and ask pupils to draw or create a poster depicting an achievement.Create drawings or posters.Pupils express understanding creatively.
Note Taking5 minsDirect InstructionLectureWrite key points on the board for pupils to copy.Copy notes from the board.Pupils have a written record of the lesson.
Evaluation3 minsAssessmentOral QuestionsAsk questions to evaluate understanding.Answer questions.Reinforce learning and assess comprehension.
Conclusion2 minsSummaryRecapSummarize key points of the lesson.Listen and reflect.Consolidation of learning.

Classroom Note:

Achievements of Heroes and Heroines

Heroes and heroines are important people who have done great things for our country and the world. Things like;

  1. Encourage Democracy: Heroes like Nelson Mandela fought to ensure that everyone has a say in how their country is run.
  2. Fought for Independence: Leaders like Mahatma Gandhi used peaceful methods to free their countries from colonial rule.
  3. Promote Education: Malala Yousafzai advocates for girls’ right to education worldwide.
  4. Defend Human Rights: Martin Luther King Jr. fought for equal rights for all people.
  5. Advocate for Peace: Mother Teresa worked tirelessly to help the poor and promote peace.

Lesson Evaluation:

To evaluate the learning, the teacher asks pupils to:

  1. Name one hero or heroine and describe one of their achievements.
  2. Explain why it is important to have democracy.
  3. Show their drawing or poster and explain what it represents.
  4. Discuss in groups why independence is valuable for a country.

Note for teachers using my lesson plan:

Hi there, remember that I didn’t make this lesson plan with any particular class or teacher in mind and I tried as much as possible with my experience and expertise to deliver this plan in a standard and effective style utilizing the best strategy and methods. Nevertheless, you are free to customize the lesson content, teaching methods, timing, and pupil activities to suit your teaching style, pupils’ comprehension, curriculum, and resources available to you. Happy teaching!

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Lesson Notes,

Last Update: May 30, 2024